Many people ask us what kind of cabling should be installed at their home or office. These days it pays to have a high speed network for transmitting data to and from your PC's and other devices. In order to guarantee a good life span from your cabling installation, you should try to install the best cable you can afford.
There are options, but as a rule your best choice is either CAT5e or CAT6. 'CAT' stands for category, and the number represents the evolution of the cable. The higher the number, the faster it will be, but it will of course be more expensive and more strict on the regulatory installation requirements according to the ACMA guidelines.
In a home environment, there isn't much need to go beyond CAT5e, as this will deliver 1 gigabit speed to every socket, as long as you have a network switch that is able to do so. There is of course CAT6, but this is slightly more costly and can be more difficult to install due to its larger core and internal insulation.
It will however give you speeds of up to 10 gigabit (technically), but this may depend on the manufacturer so specifications of the make must be considered. The cost can increase sharply as the cable make and specs increase.
For an office, it's mostly advised that CAT6 is the cable of choice. By getting this installed, there is an element of future proofing your network and by terminating it on a patch panel you can have full flexibility to patch whatever type of communications application from one side of the office to the other.
If you are a business that is only dealing with minor data traffic across the network, then you can safely choose CAT5e and still be well above any future needs. Most business email and database traffic doesn't require the super fast transfer rates of CAT6, so don't lose sleep if you've already picked it.